Eduard Topchjan studied violin at the Yerevan Conservatory and went on to study conducting with the prominent Armenian conductor Ohan Durian, followed by valuable consultations from Sir George Solti, Claudio Abbado and Nello Santi.
Topchjan started conducting in 1991 when, with a group of his friends from the Yerevan Conservatory, he created the Serenade Chamber Orchestra. The Serenade at once became the most promising orchestra in Armenia and shortly afterwards built up a fine reputation in Europe.
Eduard Topchjan made his début with the Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra in 2000. The same year he was appointed Artistic Director and Principal Conductor of the ANPO.
By 2001 he had already appeared with the Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra in the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory, and in 2003 conducted at the Bolshoi Theatre. This was followed by ANPO tours to the Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, and France with remarkable appearances in Nuremberg, Prague, Brno, Bratislava, Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Nice and many other cities. In 2008 the Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra led by Eduard Topchjan made a very successful tour to Japan.
In August 2014 the Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra led by Eduard Topchjan participated in prestigious festivals in Italy, appearing with concerts in Rimini, Citta di Castello, Merano and Ravello. In October 2014 he conducted the Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra when it appeared in Austria and Germany with a noteworthy concert at the Brucknerhaus in Linz. In 2015, within the Armenian Genocide Centennial tours, Eduard Topchjan conducted the ANPO in Denmark, Finland, Norway, USA, Mexico, Lebanon, Poland and Germany. In April 2015 he conducted the Russian National Orchestra and Yurlov State Russian Capella performing a famous Requiem by Vyacheslav Artyomov. His appearance with Malaga Symphony Orchestra in November 2015 was highly acclaimed by Spanish media.
Eduard Topchjan appears with such celebrated artists as Placido Domingo, Pinchas Zukerman, Renato Bruson, Mischa Maisky, Natalia Gutman, Steven Isserlis, David Geringas, Yuri Bashmet, Tibor Varga, Sergei Nakariakov, Boris Berezovsky, Sergey Khachatryan, Julia Fischer, Isabelle Faust, Sergei Babayan, Konstantin Lifschitz, Narek Hakhnazaryan, Alexei Lyubimov, Mario Brunello, Kirill Gerstein, Kolja Blacher, Sergei Krylov, Fabio Zanon, Simon Trpceski, and Alexander Chaushian, among others.
As a guest conductor he has performed with many important orchestras in Europe, the U. S. and Asia, among them the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, orchestras of Kölner Philharmonie and Frankfurt Oper, Stuttgart Radio Symphony, National Philharmonic Orchestra of Russia, Hungarian National Symphony, Jerusalem Symphony, Gulbenkian Symphony, Prague Radio Symphony, Seoul Philharmonic, and Orchestra Sinfonica di Roma.
He has been the Artistic Director of several significant festivals. Since 2007 he has been principal conductor of the Yerevan International Music Festival. Eduard Topchjan is recipient of many awards. In 2007 he was granted the title of Meritorious Artist of Armenia. In 2011 he was awarded a Gold Medal by the Ministry of Culture of Armenia. In Autumn 2013, Topchjan was granted knighthood with the Italian Order of Merit for Labour.